Bio-Based and Biodegradable—What Is It?
Bio-Plastics are either bio-based (material made from SUSTAINABLE renewable feedstock, such as corn, soy and wheat) and/or biodegradable (materials that completely assimilate into water, CO2 and/or biomass).
Carbon Footprint—What Is It?
Converting atmospheric carbon into petroleum through biomass takes millions of years, whereas releasing the carbon from the petroleum back into the environment takes only 1-10 years. This huge imbalace between the rates of carbon fixation and release makes the use of petroleum completely unsustainable from an environmental perspective.
Unlike petroleum based plastics, bioplastics are inherently sustainable, because they are seamlessly integrate into nature's carbon cycle by balancing the rate of carbon release with the rate of carbon fixation.
Biodegradable and Compostable
Composting is a two-step process including fragmentation and biodegradation. Composting is the biological process of breaking up organic matter such as food, manure, leaves, grass trimmings, paper, coffee grounds, and bioplastics, etc., resulting in biomass (nutrient rich soil amendments). Fragmentation is the first step in this process when we notice material turning into smaller pieces. The second step is biodegradation when oxygen breathing microbes (micro-organisms) consume the organic matter as food and convert it into biomass, water, and carbon-dioxide (CO2).
Biodegradability - Complete assimilation of the fragmented product as a food source by the soil microorganisms.
Compostability - Complete assimilation within 180 days in an industrial compost environment.